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Resolving ERROR: IOException: Unresolved external XML entity

Whereas is being preferred by self-published authors of ebooks, it may put them in trouble as well especially when they submit an epub file, which is not formatted as per the epub publishing guidelines of And, such epubs often results in the ERROR: IOException: Unresolved external XML entity: ‘’ in OEBPS/Text/Section0002.xhtml

Note: Section0002.xhtml is the name of one of the html files in the epub file, which is uploaded to, but could not pass’s epub validation. In your epub file, this can be different so do not confuse you with the file name.

When you upload file on and its validation is failed, then you get a message stating that validation is failed. And, also provides you with a .txt file containing reasons due to which validation is failed, and you should fix those errors before resubmitting epub on for publishing. However, that .txt file is intended for advanced users who understand html, xhtml, xml, and other such techniques. Hence, if you are not an advanced user then you might not be able to fix issues.

ERROR: IOException: Unresolved external XML entity

Resolving ERROR: IOException: Unresolved external XML entity

The only solution to resolve the ERROR: IOException: Unresolved external XML entity: ‘‘ in OEBPS/Text/Section0002.xhtml is open the source files and format it as per the guidelines of after understanding the reasons given the .txt file provided by

If you have created the epub file from Word Doc or PDF using a free converter then you need to first format that Word Doc or PDF as per the’s guidelines and then do the conversion again. Or, if you have hired someone to create epub for you then contact that person or company to fix all the issues.

However, in case, you do not see any relief from anywhere, we are always here to assist you. We have good understanding of’s guidelines,html, xhtml,  xml, and css; therefore, we can perfectly resolve the ERROR: IOException: Unresolved external XML entity: ‘’ in OEBPS/Text/Section0002.xhtml

We have expertise (with advanced knowledge in html, xhtml, xml, and css) who can better understand the reasons behind the validation failure and hence, can resolve them. Contact us at or visit the contact page to fill the form. We shall resolve the issue within 24 to 48 hours for a minimum cost. Contact us now to know the cost and for a solution.

Novel Pagination Tips for Self-Publishers

Novel Pagination is a process of laying down the pages of a manuscript in a format that you want for your Novel. It may include several things like “how the header will look,”  “how the footer will look,” “if page numbers will be come,” “what will be the margins,” etc.

Paginating a novel is a no worry for professional publishers, but for those who either are new to Novel Pagination or are self-publishers, it is must to understand “how to format a novel for publication.” Here are a few tips that will help self-publishers to get a novel paginated for print.

Novel Pagination Tips for Self-Publishers

Understand Printer’s Requirement

Before you start paginating a novel, you must contact the printer from where you will be getting the Novel printed. Ask the printer about the requirements for printing a novel. And these requirements may include,

  • The size of the novel
  • Top, bottom, left, and right margins
  • Format they accept (PDF, or INDD)
  • Font that should be used in the Novel
  • Size of the Cover
  • Other specific requirements the printer may provide

Undertake Printer’s Requirements

After you have received Printer’s requirements, make a quick note so that you can implement them carefully. Always ensure that you have been implementing Printer’s requirements otherwise, the paginated Novel will not pass the printer’s verification and you have to rework on the Novel Pagination.

Always use paragraph styles to format text

Using paragraph styles to format text in a novel is the sign of professionalism. There are many benefits of using paragraph styles then manually formatting each paragraph. For example, when you use a style, then you can be assured of consistent formatting. There will be no formatting glitches, such as extra spaces and paragraph marks. And if you have enabled “Keep” option, then there will be no issue of “Orphan” and “Widows” too.

Embed Fonts in the Final Output

One of the most important things that you must do while creating the final output file (be it PDF or INDD) is embedding fonts. If you do not embed fonts then the printer will reject the file.

These are a few Novel Pagination tips that will helpful for self-publishers and authors who are new to Novel Pagination.


In case, you are not comfortable with Novel Pagination, or if you do not have time doing it yourself, then hire a professional for Novel pagination.

Smashwords Formatting Facts You Must Know

Before I discuss anything about Smashwords formatting, let me have a brief about smashwords.

Smashwords is one of the ebook distributors that allow self-published authors and independent presses to publish and sell eBooks. Smashwords takes a well-formatted Word Document as .doc file or a well-formatted eBook as .epub file as an input and then processes that input file to create multiple formats of ebooks that can be read on different devices. EPUB, PDF, .MOBI, .PDB, .HTML, and LRF are some of the formats in which the input file is converted and then distributed to major ebook stores and libraries like Apple iBooks, Barnes & Noble, Kobo, Flipkart, Scribd, and a lot more.

How Smashwords Convert Input Word Doc or ePUB to Different Formats

Smashwords uses a tool namely MeatGrinder, which takes .doc or .epub as an input and delivers different formats as selected during the conversion process. This tool creates reflowable ebooks that are good to read on any device of any size because the text flows automatically as per the screen size. While Smashwords uses MeatGrinder tool to get different ebook formats created, the result depends upon how well the input file is formatted following the Smashwords Formatting guidelines.

Role of Smashwords Formatting in the whole conversion process

As stated earlier, the result of MeatGrinder will depend upon the formatting of the input .doc or .epub file. And, to ensure that the result of MeatGrinder is good, Smashwords have created a Smashwords Formatting user guide, which is having 117 pages. If you go through all the smashwords formatting guidelines and follow them while formatting the .doc file or .epub file then the result will be acceptable else not.

Here are a few major Smashwords Formatting Guidelines that will help you to get an acceptable finished ebook after the processing of MeatGrinder:

  1. Size of the file must be less than 10 MB.
  2. Fonts should be Arial.
  3. Fancy fonts should not be used.
  4. Tables should not be in the document.
  5. Headers and footers should not be created.
  6. Page numbers should not be added.
  7. Text boxes should not be used.
  8. Heading and body text should not be coloured.
  9. Heading should not be more than 16 px.
  10. Images should be  at 72 dpi and text on images must be readable.

These are just 10 guidelines among the big list. So, if you can go through the complete 117 pages user guide, which you can download from here – Click here to download then you may get a good result else the look of the ebook that MeatGrinder will create will be like a loosely formatted ebook created with a free ebook converter or by a kid.

How Smashwords Formatting Services can help if you are nowhere around to Smashwords Formatting yourself

We cannot neglect the fact that many people who want to publish their ebooks online through smashwords are not much technical to perfectly format a .doc file or create an epub file. We cannot also neglect the fact that there are genius people who know how to format a .doc file or create an .epub file to upload to Smashwords for getting them converted to Multiple formats using MeatGrinder, but they lack time to “Do it yourself.”

For such people, Smashwords Formatting Services are the big help. When you avail Smashwords Formatting Services then you get the following benefits for a small amount you pay to the service provider:

  • You do not need to think about the formatting glitches, as the service provider is an expert in this job.
  • You can ask for a .doc file or an .epub file for submission.
  • You do not need to waste your time fighting with 117 pages user guide and then implementing the guidelines.
  • You do not need to think about the file size, placement of images, etc. if you have several images in the document.
  • You are provided with free editing if you find any error during the submission of .doc or .epub file in smashwords.
  • If you get an .epub then you can use that anywhere along with smashwords.

So, these are the benefits among others that will be coming your ways with smashwords formatting services.

Now, the decision is yours. Whether do it yourself and get you see fighting with formatting glitches or sit with ease and see the job being done with perfection. Never forget that the final output by MeatGrinder will depend upon the input file.

Why use Ebook Conversion Services than Free Ebook Converters

Before I tell, “Why use Ebook Conversion Services than Free Ebook Converters,” let me brief about ebook conversion.

What is eBook Conversion

Ebook conversion is a process of creating a book that can be read on digital devices like Kindle, iPAD, Sony Readers, Smartphones, etc. Some of the devices, such as Kindle, have their own specific formats, for example, .mobi whereas many devices can read generic ebook format namely ePUB. Due to this device specific format and support for ebooks, there are many ebook formats now known like .epub, .mobi, .pdf (web pdf). Prc, etc. And Ebook Conversion Services help getting these formats created with the help of one manuscript (input document, which can a Word file, a PDF file, Indd file, or html file).

Benefits of eBook

Ebooks have several benefits over paperback books and here I list those benefits:

  • Ebooks cost less in comparison to paperback books.
  • Ebooks have no weight; one can carry 100s of ebooks in a device, such as kindle, iPad, smartphone; the only weight will be of the device.
  • Ebooks can be read easily and anywhere, for example, while going to college, sitting in the cafeteria, etc.; a small device allows you to read any ebook you have with your own comfort.
  • Navigation is much easier and faster than paperback books; click the hyperlink on the Contents page or end note, and you will be jumped to the targeted area. And, if you need to move to another area then open Contents page and visit the related section without scrolling to the complete book.
  • Bookmarking is easier and you can also highlight the text for ease of reading.
  • Readability can be adjusted by selecting the required font size; yes, you can enlarge or reduce the font size.

These are some of the benefits of ebooks.

Now, I have discussed what ebook conversion is and what the benefits of ebook are let me go ahead with Why use Ebook Conversion Services than Free Ebook Converters.

Ebook Conversion Services

Why use Ebook Conversion Services than Free Ebook Converters

When it comes to convert a Word document or a PDF to an ebook, many individuals start doing Google searching Free Ebook Converters so that the job can be done quickly and without hiring a company or a freelancer. Ebook converters are available easily online, but my question is “should you really use them, if you want a quality conversion.”

According to me, one should not use a Free Ebook Converter when:

  • You are sure that you are not much concerned about the quality of the ebook.
  • You are not an expert in formatting a Word Document and creating a perfect PDF from it because if you use an ill-formatted Word doc or PDF for ebook conversion using a free ebook converter then the result will be pathetic. Many times, even the well-formatted document cannot look good with free ebook converters.
  • You are using drop caps in the document.
  • You are using tables in the document.
  • You are using so many images in the document.
  • You are using heavy images in the document.
  • You are using endnotes in the document.
  • You are creating document without styles.
  • Your document has multiple headings, sub-headings, italics, numbered lists, bullet lists, bold, and underlines.

If any one of the above points is true then you must not use a free ebook converter and why only free, not even paid ebook converter because the result will depend upon the combination of above points.

What to use if no free ebook converters

Yes, I am coming to this point. So, if a free ebook converter cannot be an option then what shall you go with. The best solution for ebook conversions when the output format is epub, .mobi, prc, or pdf (web pdf) is Ebook Conversion Services.

Ebook Conversion Services get you a finished ebook, which looks almost, and in maximum case, similar to paperback book, but with digital advantages. With the help of ebook conversion services, you can get those things done that cannot be achieved using ebook converters, for example, endnotes, tables, and drop caps. Yes, these are the things that you cannot get with ebook converters.

Benefits of Ebook Conversion Services

Ebook Conversion Services have many benefits over ebook converters and here are those benefits:

  • Quality work is guaranteed.
  • You can expect the same look and layout for your ebook as in the PaperBack book.
  • You can get the features like dropcap, images, endnotes, two-sided clickable endnotes, clickable Table of Contents, links on images, quick navigation, TOC placement as per the requirement, etc.
  • You will have no need to format the manuscript with styles; you can simply provide the manually set manuscript using hard enter, page breaks, tabs, etc.
  • You can get an ebook created in multiple formats like ePUB, MOBI, PDF, etc.
  • You can provide one input and will get many output formats.
  • There is no scope of validation error at the time you submit the ebook to sellers like Smashwords, BookBaby, and Amazon Kindle, because the solution provider will validate the ebook against guidelines and therefore, you will only get the best results, which are ready to use.
  • You will get ePUB, which can be submitted to any aggregator / seller including smashwords,, Barnes & Noble, etc.
  • You can anytime get the ebook updated with the modifications you do later on; it saves you money and time, which is wasted in getting ebook conversion from scratch each time you do with converters.
  • If you already have an ebook, which you want to update with new text or want to get your ebook rectified against guidelines, then ebook conversion services can help you get this done.

These are the benefits of ebook conversion services and probably “Why use Ebook Conversion Services than Free Ebook Converters.”